We have already covered the various stages of memory formation (perception, sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory) in the section on Types of Memory.
It is a human characteristic to be able to encode, store, and recall information, thus the three main processes involved in human memory are encoding, storing, and retrieving. As well, memory consolidation (which can be viewed as either part of an encoding or storage process) is considered in this paper as a separate process.
Although this entry-level guide presents at least a general introduction to some of the physiology and neurology involved in these processes, much of that is beyond the scope of this entry-level guide.
The section on Memory and the Brain describes in detail the architecture of the human brain and the neurological processes by which memory is encoded, stored, and recalled.